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Maharashtra

Maharashtra Maharashtra Maharashtra is the third largest state in area and population.

Area : 3,07,713 km
Population : 9,97,52,247
Capital : Mumbai, which was earlier known as Bombay is not only the state capital but also known as the business and trade capital of India.

Physiography :
The state can be broadly divided into 3 major parts: The Konkan, a coastal strip, about 720 km long and not more than 80 km wide; the Ghat region, also known as Sahyadris which runs almost parallel to the Konkan region; the Deccan, vast plateau to the east of the Sahyadris, comprising a major part of Maharashtra.

Major Towns & cities :
Pune (an educational and cultural centre), Sholapur (an industrial town), Kolhapur (known for sugarcane and gur), Nashik (a pilgrim centre), Nagpur (second capital) and Aurangabad (a historical town).

Major Rivers :
The Bhima, the Krishna and the Godavari are the major rivers and all of them flow eastwards. There are numerous rivers and rivulets which flow westwards in the Konkan region. These are mainly seasonal and shorter in length.

Crops :
The principal food crops are rice, wheat, jowar, bajra and pulses. The important cash crops are sugarcane, cotton and tobacco.

Maharashtra has had a long and varied history. The earliest empire to control the region was the Mauryan. Among the numerous dynasties that ruled over this area, in later centuries were the Satavahanas, the Vakatakas, the Chalukyas and the Rashtrakutas.
Huen Tsang mentions Pulakesin II of the Chalukyas as among the most powerful kings in the Maharashtra region.

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