1322 Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeated King Edward II of England, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence.
1926 The children's book, Winnie-the-Pooh by A. A. Milne, was first published.
1947 Former fighter pilot, Chuck Yeager became the first man in history to break the sound barrier while flying in his Bell X-1 rocket plane.
1956 Dr. B. R. Ambedkar embraced Buddhism along with many of his followers in Nagpur.
1964 American civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his non-violent resistance to racial prejudice in USA.
1981 Vice President Hosni Mubarak became the President of Egypt one week after the assassination of President Anwar Sadat.
1997 Arundhati Roy won the Booker Prize for her novel, The God of Small Things.
1998 Economist-philosopher Amartya Sen won the Nobel Prize for Economics.
2004 Authorities in Republika Srpska, the Bosnian Serb division of Bosnia and Herzegovina, admitted for the first time the actual scale of the 1995 Srebrenica massacre, the largest mass murder in Europe since World War II, in which more than 8,000 Bosniak men and boys as well as another 25,000–30,000 refugees were killed.
2005 Daniel Craig was announced as the sixth official James Bond actor.
2008 Indian novelist Aravind Adiga won the Man Booker Prize for his debut novel The White Tiger.
2010 A spectacular closing ceremony marked the end of the XIX Commonwealth Games held in Delhi. Australia topped the medal tally followed by India and England.