Online Children's Magazine from India
TOPIC: Beta Thalassemia
khyati mehta asked: What is Beta Thalassemia?Is it dangerous?
- ankita dubey:- [ 7/11/2006 ] Beta thalassemia is a type of inherited blood disorder that can cause anemia (a low number of red blood cells). It affects a person's ability to produce hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that delivers oxygen to all parts of the body.
- Mohsin:- [ 7/20/2006 ] Well khyati Thalassemia a sort of poision it is really dangerous not for us but for out future I mean our children, it is mostly effective when both parent that is a father and mother are thalassemia major then it is sure that their child will suffer from thalassemia. Due to thalassemia the child cannot live a long time it could be 1 day or it could be one 1 year and depends on the health of the child we need to transfuse the blood on an average we do it every 15 days and there is a special injection that we need to inject daily to Thalassemia children so in other words it is painful life. As of now there is no cure for this but yes precautions are there. Such as both partners can do a Thalassemia test and incase one of the parent is Thalassemia effected its fine then can do family planning but if both father and mother are Thalassemia affected then its suggested not to plan for child. Adopt a child and have safe sex using condoms. But never go ahead for a child as you will successfully give birth but later seeing your child in pain you will cry to so don't hit the axe on your leg. As a human what I suggest is please pass all this information to as many people as you can. In India there are very few children affected. As of now but lets put hands together and make sure there are non in our country. I hope things are clear.
- Mohsin:- [ 7/20/2006 ] People whose haemoglobin do not produce enough beta protein have beta thalassemia. It is found in people of Mediterranean descent, such as Italians and Greeks, and is also found in the Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Africa, Southeast Asia and southern China. There are three types of beta thalassemia that also range from mild to severe in their effect on the body. Thalassemia Minor or Thalassemia Trait. In this condition, the lack of beta protein is not great enough to cause problems in the normal functioning of the hemoglobin. A person with this condition simply carries the genetic trait for thalassemia and will usually experience no health problems other than a possible mild Anemia. As in mild alpha thalassemia, physicians often mistake the small red blood cells of the person with beta thalassemia minor as a sign of iron-deficiency anemia and incorrectly prescribe iron supplements. Thalassemia Intermedia. In this condition the lack of beta protein in the haemoglobin is great enough to cause a moderately severe anemia and significant health problems, including bone deformities and enlargement of the spleen. However, there is a wide range in the clinical severity of this condition, and the borderline between thalassemia intermedia and the most severe form, thalassemia major, can be confusing. The deciding factor seems to be the amount of blood transfusions required by the patient. The more dependent the patient is on blood transfusions, the more likely he or she is to be classified as thalassemia major. Generally speaking, patients with thalassemia intermedia need blood transfusions to improve their quality of life, but not in order to survive. Thalassemia Major or Cooley's Anemia. This is the most severe form of beta thalassemia in which the complete lack of beta protein in the hemoglobin causes a life-threatening anemia that requires regular blood transfusions and extensive ongoing medical care. These extensive, lifelong blood transfusions lead to iron-overload which must be treated with chelation therapy to prevent early death from organ failure. Other Forms of Thalassemia In addition to the alpha and beta thalassemias, there are other related disorders that occur when the gene for alpha or beta thalassemia combines with an abnormal or mutant gene. E Beta Thalassemia. Hemoglobin E is one of the most common abnormal hemoglobins. It is usually found in people of Southeast Asian ancestry, such as Cambodians, Vietnamese and Thai. When combined with beta thalassemia, hemoglobin E produces E beta thalassemia, a moderately severe anemia which is similar in symptoms to beta thalassemia intermedia. Sickle Beta Thalassemia. This condition is caused by a combination of beta thalassemia and hemoglobin S, the abnormal hemoglobin found in people with sickle cell disease. It is commonly found in people of Mediterranean ancestry, such as Italians, Greeks and Turks. The condition varies according to the amount of normal beta globin produced by the beta gene. When no beta globin is produced by the beta gene, the condition is almost identical with sickle cell disease. The more beta globin produced by the beta gene, the less severe the condition.
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